Titre: A Socialist Peace: Explaining the Absence of War in an African Country
Résumé : All of the Republic of Guinea's six neighbors have experienced civil war or separatist insurgency in the last 20 years. Guinea, one of the poorest, most socially fractured and poorly ruled countries in the region, has escaped the scourge of war, against the expectations of both Guineans and their neighbors. A Socialist Peace? argues that while the violent and intrusive socialist government that ruled Guinea from 1958-1984 caused tremendous suffering, it is also the place we should look for clues to how Guinea evaded war. The talk alternates back and forth between the history of the practices of the socialist state and my own ethnography from the late 1990s and early 2000s to show the afterlife of a socialist habitus. The durable dispositions instilled during that time created a strong sense of national unity and identity in Guineans, as well as techniques for dealing with conflict and deflecting it outward.